What is embroidery?
Anything that a needle and thread can penetrate, even leather, can be embroidered.
A variety of embroideries and laces are available in the world. In the medieval times, the high court and the nobility sought elegance and luxury in expensive embroidery for dresses and costumes and ornaments. Ever since, much progress has been made in various parts of the world. At first, laces were knit by hand, and after the Industrial Revolution machine embroidery was developed with the advent of various types of embroidery machines.
Embroideries, unlike knit laces, use a variety of basic fabric including cotton, polyester voile, tulles, etc. for stitching.
Function of the embroidery machine is similar to that of sewing machine to give stitches to fabrics, and 15-yard embroidery machine utilizes total 1,000 needles in two decks, up and down, and same numbers of borers are set for boring holes on the fabrics, as well. The frame, driven by servo motors, is about 15 meters x 1.50 meters a deck, and the machine has two decks up and down, which gives you an idea of how large the machine is.
Various applications of Embroideries
Embroideries are used widely from apparels to home furnishings, including embroidered curtains, draperies, tablecloths, sheeting and pillow covers.
Pictures herein show how embroideries are used.

Laces Catalogue (Click here to see)

Allovers for clothing in general, curtains and draperies, etc.
Sample of Allovers Sample of curtain
Narrows Trimmings for accessories for clothing, ornaments, etc.
Sample of Narrows Trimmings
Guipures  
A basic fabric is solved in hot water after stitching by Aetzing treatment. It looks like knit lace sometimes, and this has a variety of applications for different purposes, as well.